November 29, 2014
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Addiction

 Health Home >> Addiction >> Related conditions 

Insomnia

(Sleep Disorder, Trouble Sleeping, Sleep Problems)

The Facts on Insomnia

Insomnia or trouble sleeping is very common - about 30% to 40% of adults will experience insomnia in any given year. Insomnia is a symptom and is not a medical condition in itself. Rather, it's your body's way of telling you that something is not working right.

There are different types of insomnia. Some people have trouble falling asleep, while others have trouble staying asleep or waking up too early. Also, sleep problems can be short-term, lasting a few days or weeks, or chronic, lasting for several months or more.

Insomnia is only considered a problem if it interferes with your life - if you wake feeling unrefreshed or find yourself dozing during the day. It is normal to sleep less as you age. If you're sleeping less than you did when you were younger but don't feel tired during the day, you should not worry.

Typical daily sleep requirements at different ages:

Age Hours of sleep needed
newborn13 to 17
2 years 9 to 13
10 years10 to 11
16 to 65 years 6 to 9
over 65 years6 to 8

The sleep of older people, as well as being shorter, is less deep. Only about 25% of the sleep of someone over 65 years is rapid eye movement (REM) sleep or stage IV (very deep) sleep, compared to over 50% in a young child. This probably means that older people dream less, since dreaming usually occurs during REM sleep.

As people get older, some get by with amazingly little sleep. Margaret Thatcher claimed to average 4 or fewer hours a night throughout her tenure as Prime Minister of Britain. Nevertheless, many people complain that a lack of sleep affects their daytime performance. At any given time, about 10% of the population consider themselves to have chronic insomnia. About half of us will suffer from insomnia at some point in our lives.

Causes of Insomnia

Insomnia usually has an underlying cause. Common causes of insomnia include:

  • air travel, especially when travelling from west to east (jet lag)
  • anxiety or depression
  • medical conditions such as reflux, prostate enlargement, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and stroke
  • medications such as decongestants, stimulants (e.g., methylphenidate*) and some antidepressants
  • nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol
  • not being active enough during the day
  • pain from arthritis or other medical conditions
  • poor sleep habits
  • shift work
  • sleep problems such as sleep apnea
  • stress caused by work, family life, death or illness of a family member or friend, or financial difficulties




Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia

Symptoms of insomnia can include:

  • trouble falling asleep
  • trouble staying asleep
  • waking up too early in the morning and being unable to get back to sleep
  • not feeling rested or refreshed when you wake up despite getting enough hours of sleep
  • feeling tired and sleepy during the day
  • feeling irritable or anxious
  • headaches
  • difficulty focusing or concentrating during the day

Staying up for several days in a row can produce symptoms like hallucinations, but few people with insomnia reach that stage. Normally, insomnia isn't associated with serious complications. Sleep apnea or heavy snoring, however, is not good for long-term health. If you think you may be having breathing problems at night, you should see a doctor. These problems are most common in men, especially those who are middle-aged or overweight.

Complications of insomnia can include poor job and school performance and a higher risk of car accidents.

Continued... 1 | 2 | Next

Ad

The contents of this site are for informational purposes only and are meant to be discussed with your physician or other qualified health care professional before being acted on. Never disregard any advice given to you by your doctor or other qualified health care professional. Always seek the advice of a physician or other licensed health care professional regarding any questions you have about your medical condition(s) and treatment(s). This site is not a substitute for medical advice.

© 1996 - 2014 MediResource Inc. - MediResource reaches millions of Canadians each year.