|Wine only protects against heart disease in people who exercise, study says. (Fotolia) |
Drinking light to moderate amounts of wine may help battle heart disease, past studies have shown. But new research says wine only protects against cardiovascular disease in people who exercise.
The study was presented at ESC Congress Sunday by Prof. Milos Taborsky from the Czech Republic.
"This is the first randomized trial comparing the effects of red and white wine on markers of atherosclerosis in people at mild to moderate risk of CVD,” he said. “We found that moderate wine drinking was only protective in people who exercised. Red and white wine produced the same results."
The study included 146 people with mild to moderate risk of cardiovascular disease. They were randomized to one year of moderate consumption of red wine or white wine from the same year and wine region of the Czech Republic.
They kept a logbook on their consumption of wine and other alcoholic beverages, medication use, and amount and type of exercise.
The researchers found there was no difference between ‘good’ cholesterol levels at the beginning of the study compared to one year in either the red or white wine groups. ‘Bad’ cholesterol was lower in both groups at one year while total cholesterol was lower only in the red wine group.
"Our current study shows that the combination of moderate wine drinking plus regular exercise improves markers of atherosclerosis, suggesting that this combination is protective against cardiovascular disease,” Taborksy said.
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