Diabetes and high blood pressure are two of the leading causes of kidney disease. If you have diabetes, you can reduce your risk of kidney damage by managing your blood sugar levels. If you have high blood pressure, you can help protect your kidneys by getting your blood pressure to a healthy level. There is much you can do to help manage these two conditions or, in some cases, to prevent them. By doing so, you'll benefit your overall health - not just your kidney function.
About 1 out of every 3 people who have had diabetes for at least 15 years will develop kidney disease. Unfortunately, early kidney damage has few symptoms, so it's important for people with diabetes to have regular tests to check their kidney function. It's also important to be aware of the risk of kidney damage so that you can do as much as possible to minimize it.
While you may not be able to completely protect your kidneys from the effects of diabetes, the following steps will help your kidneys stay as healthy as possible:
Your doctor may also recommend that you take a medication called an ACE inhibitor (e.g., ramipril, enalapril) or an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB; e.g., valsartan, losartan) to help protect your kidneys.
The complications of high blood pressure are serious. You may be aware that high blood pressure can lead to a stroke or heart attack, but did you know that it could also cause kidney damage? If you already have kidney disease, maintaining a healthy control of your blood pressure can help protect your kidneys.
What can you do to help control your blood pressure?
Passing a kidney stone can be an extremely painful experience. And aside from the pain, kidney stones also pose a risk of kidney damage and urinary tract infection.
One in 10 Canadians will experience a kidney stone during their lifetime. Kidney stones are usually made of a substance called calcium oxalate, but the stones may also be made of uric acid or cystine. Once you have developed a stone, your options are:
Your best course of treatment will depend on factors such as the type and size of the stone.
What can you do to avoid a kidney stone?
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