Corticosteroids work by reducing inflammation. The exact way by which corticosteroids reduce the inflammation associated with Crohn's disease is not known. They are used to treat the symptoms of a flare-up to get symptoms back under control.
The following corticosteroids are available in Canada to treat Crohn's disease:
People who are allergic to corticosteroids should avoid them. Side effects include increased appetite, weight gain, menstrual changes, stomach irritation, indigestion, muscle cramps, skin rash, fast or irregular heartbeats, and blurred vision. Serious side effects include new infections, masking the signs of infection, growth suppression in children, and, over prolonged use, eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma.
If you will be using corticosteroids over the long term, your doctor may recommend regular checkup appointments and lab tests.
Don't stop taking corticosteroids suddenly - ask your doctor or pharmacist how to safely stop the medication. Let all health professionals involved in your care know that you are using corticosteroids.
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