April 16, 2014
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Condition Factsheets

 Health Home >> Conditions 

Club Foot

(Congenital Talipes Equinovarus, CTEV)

The Facts on Club Foot

Congenital talipes equinovarus, commonly known as club foot, is a foot deformity in which the foot is twisted inward with the toes pointing down. It affects approximately 1 in every 1,000 newborns in the US each year. It is more common in males. Club foot may affect one or both feet. In 30% to 50% of affected children, it involves both feet.

This condition sometimes runs in families. If one child in the family has club foot, the likelihood of another child having this condition increases to 10%.

Causes of Club Foot

The exact cause of club foot is not known. An abnormality of the tendons and ligaments in the foot causes an abnormal structure and position of the foot. In some children, bones may also be abnormal in terms of shape, size, or position. There may be a link to maternal smoking during pregnancy.

If the foot is abnormally positioned in the uterus during pregnancy, it may not grow into a normal shape, but this is not usually considered a "true" club foot.

Club foot may, in rare instances, be associated with spinal deformities such as spina bifida or other neuromuscular diseases; however, in these cases, the foot is usually more deformed.





Symptoms and Complications of Club Foot

Club foot is easy to recognize. The key identifying features are:

  • tightening of the Achilles tendon (heel cord)
  • inward turning of the front of the foot
  • downward-pointing toes
  • resting of the foot on its outer border
  • abnormal shape of the foot
  • rigidity and other changes in the movements of the foot

In some children, the foot may have a higher-than-normal arch. The foot and calf on the affected side are smaller than normal.

It is important to remember that although it is a painless condition at birth, club foot can worsen with time. If left untreated, the child may begin walking on the outer surface of the foot and the toes. This abnormal walking pattern causes hardening of the skin and development of corns and ulcers over the outer border of the foot. Wearing shoes is difficult, and over time it may become a crippling and unsightly condition.

Continued... 1 | 2 | Next


Did you find what you were looking for on our website? Please let us know.

Ad

The contents of this site are for informational purposes only and are meant to be discussed with your physician or other qualified health care professional before being acted on. Never disregard any advice given to you by your doctor or other qualified health care professional. Always seek the advice of a physician or other licensed health care professional regarding any questions you have about your medical condition(s) and treatment(s). This site is not a substitute for medical advice.

© 1996 - 2014 MediResource Inc. - MediResource reaches millions of Canadians each year.